How to Avoid an Adoption Scam
You need to be aware of the red flags or warning signs of an adoption scam. As the internet has become a major forum for adoptive families to find children and for pregnant women to find adoptive families, adoption scams have become quite common. Usually these scams are pretty easy to spot.
If conversations with a potential birthmother are progressing, at a certain point early on, the pregnant woman will have to provide proof of pregnancy. She may come up with various excuses for not sending proof of her pregnancy. Always insist on real proof of pregnancy. Listening to their stories about doctor visits are not real proof. You should get written documentation from their doctor and then follow up with a phone call to that doctor.
Another big flag: she may ask frequent questions about upfront payment or may tell you that you will be the perfect parents without asking many questions. State laws mandate what reasonable expenses may be covered by the adoptive parents. Any financial support should always be handled with the assistance of your adoption professional.
Unlicensed agencies, attorneys and faciliators have also proliferated on the web. These entities are sometimes known for defrauding potential adoptive parents. They may never send requested documents, they make guarantees about how fast couples will be matched with a baby to adopt or they inappropriately pressure potential adoptive parents.
Prospective adoptive parents should always ask for references from adoption professionals. It is important to call and interview the references that are given to you since many people do not take that step. It is also important to meet the people you are dealing with in person, whether it is a professional or birthmother. If you are dealing with an adoption attorney, contact the state’s bar association to look into the attorney. To research an agency, contact the state licensing specialist.